Hepatitis A is most commonly spread by the faecal-oral route. Faecal-oral transmission of the hepatitis A virus may occur when anything that has been contaminated with infected faeces is put in the mouth, for example:
- Food, liquid or eating utensils can transmit the virus from an infected person
- Touching nappies, linen and towels soiled with the faeces of an infectious person, and
- Direct contact (including sexual) with an infectious person.